Greek army weapons

Greek army weapons

The heavy equipment and weaponry of the Hellenic Army is of mostly foreign manufacture, from German, French, American, British and Russian suppliers. A notable exception is the Leonidas armored fighting vehicle which is built in Greece by the Hellenic Vehicle Industry. Equipment runs the gamut from state-of-the-art to obsolescent Cold War inventories; the latter are gradually being retired. Carl Gustaf M2 Recoilless Rifle. Sign In Don't have an account? Contents [ show ]. Main article: List of historical equipment of the Hellenic Army. Jane's Information Group. Retrieved Army corps of the Hellenic Army. Military of Greece. Categories :. Cancel Save. United States. Made under license by EAS [1]. HK MP5. Service Rifle. Barrett M82A1M. HK 11A1. Magazine-fed light machine gun. Made under license by EAS. Light machine gunreplacing HK General-purpose machine gun. Automatic grenade launcher. Automatic grenade launcher in use by Special Forces. Soviet Union. CFE treaty limit: 1, Delivered between and CFE treaty limit: 2, [5]. Armored Personnel Carrier. MA1 AMC. Armored mortar carrier, based on M M TOW. Armored command vehicle, based on M Czech Republic. It can also be linked to all the other artillery systems including the PzHGR or act autonomously. Decca D BOR A

Greek army vs turkish army

Greek army weapons
Partner TV Web Television pictures. Army Web TV pictures. Milipol Web TV - Pictures. Partner pictures - video. TADTE pictures - video gallery. Ferret Simba. Fateh Sayyad Artillery Vehicles Tanks Wheeled Vehicles. Bradley M Chaiseri Defense First Win 4x4 armoured. Austria Hirtenberger Defence Systems. AAD Automatic activation device. EC Caracal helicopter. Spynel Series. HIZIR 4x4. Heavy armoured. Wheeled vehicle. Light armoured. Missile system. Tanks and heavy armoured. Leopard 2A6. Leopard 1V. Leopard 1A5. Leopard 1 ARV. Leguan Leopard 2. Light armoured vehicle. MA1 mortar carrier. BMP-3 en cours d'achat. Wheeled armoured and vehicle.

Greek army size

Strength and organization of the Armed Forces of Greece Divisions and equipment, aircraft of the Air Force and ships of the Navy. From until the German invasion, Greece was a constitutional monarchy under King George II, but the actual power was in the hands of her right-wing dictator-President General Metaxas. The Greek armed forces, like most of those of the smaller nations, suffered from a shortage of modern weapons and motor transport. However, the mountainous frontier with Albania was ideal for defensive fighting, and the natural sturdiness of her soldiers proved too much for the Italian forces which invaded on 28 October The initially outnumbered Greek forces were able not only to contain the Italian attack, but force the invaders back into Albania, where, with the British aid in men and material, they were able to hold them until the Germans invaded from Yugoslavia and Bulgaria on 6 April This attack, by the best army in Europe, overwhelmed the Greek defenses, and despite bitter resistance the Germans forced the Greek Army in eastern Macedonia to capitulate and the Allies to retreat. Injust before the Italian attack, Greece mobilized her armed forces. The field army was organized in two Army Groups, six general headquarters, six infantry and nine mountain divisions, four mountain brigades and one cavalry division. At the outbreak of war the Army numberedmenbut losses were heavy and some 60, men were killed, wounded or missing after the winter fighting. The crack infantry of the Greek Army were the Evzones. Originally formed as light infantry during the war for independence at the beginning of the 19th century, these highlanders became part of the regular army in Inthey served in light regiments and in the Royal Guard. In addition to the line infantry and mountain regiments there were a number of battalions and companies for island and land frontier defense, as well as a number of mobile and static machine gun units. The German invasion cost the Greeks 15, battle casualties; aboutGreek soldiers were taken prisoner, but released soon after. The army corps each consisted of two to four infantry or mountain divisions. Since the artillery was equipped with either French, German or Czech guns Britain was unable to supply ammunitionand stocks in America were soon exhausted, so all the British could do was supply the Greeks with Italian material captured in Libya. When the British landed in Greece in March they were dismayed to find that many divisions existed in name only. There was no independent Air Force as such. The Army air service was small with just officers and 3, men. Many of the pilots had undergone their training in England, and although outnumbered first by the Italians and then by the Germans, the air service put up a stubborn resistance in the campaigns of When the Germans invaded in April only 41 combat aircraft were still operational. The Army air service was organized in three flying regiments each of two squadrons, based on rather primitive airfields in Athens, Candia, Drama, Joannina, Larissa, Salonica, Tanagra and Thebes. Its primary role was to provide air support for ground operations, but by January casualties and lack of spares had practically grounded it, and so the Greek command had to appeal to the RAF to switch its emphasis from bombing Italian lines of communication to providing air support to ground forces. Under him were 6, regular naval officers and men and 11, reservists and the following vessels:. The Greek Navy suffered its first loss on 15 Augustbefore the opening of hostilities, when the minelaying cruiser Helli was alleged to have been sunk by an Italian submarine. At the same time the Navy patrolled the coast of Albania and provided artillery support. German entry into the Greco-Italian war was heralded by aerial attacks which destroyed a number of Greek warships. On 21 April the Greek government decided to evacuate the mainland, and the port of Salamis was blown up as the last ship carrying Allied troops left. Check your inbox or spam folder to confirm your subscription. Most can be agreed, but the delay of Op. Even the capture of Moscow in the last weeks of the year and after US entered war would not have resulted in an Soviet defeat anymore in the way the Nazis and esp. Hitler ruled this war. More about here: Operation Barbarossa. Fine article.

Greek army special forces

Ancient Greek weapons and armor were primarily geared towards combat between individuals. Their primary technique was called the phalanxa formation consisting of massed shield wall, which required heavy frontal armor and medium-ranged weapons such as spears. The poorest citizens, unable to afford the purchase or upkeep of military equipment, operated on the battlefield as psiloi or peltasts ; fast, mobile skirmishing troops. Weapons that used copper were becoming obsolete at the time. This is because copper was very weak compared to iron and bronze weapons. Iron was plentiful back then and allowed smaller nations in Greece to arm themselves with weapons that were lighter and stronger than copper. Bronze was still used but rare because of how hard it was to find tin. So the weapons of Ancient Greece were made of Iron and Copper. This would help them in the Greco-Persian War. The primary weapon that was used by Greek troops was a two-to-three meter spear with a leaf-shaped blade at one end and a short spike at the other known as the doru. The spear head was usually made of bronze or iron but which one was more prominently used is still an open question. The doru was used one-handed the other hand supporting the soldier's shield. Under Philip II of Macedonhoplites were equipped with extremely long spears up to 21 feet called sarrisae. Used in conjunction with the phalanx formation, this made an impregnable wall of spears in front of the infantry; the enemy's shorter weaponry could not reach the phalanx because of the sarissae. As a secondary weapon, hoplites are known to have carried a short sword known as the xiphos which was made from iron or bronze depending on the era. This was used in the event of a broken spear, or if close melee combat was necessary. The job of the peltast was not to engage in formation combat, therefore, many carried nothing more than javelins. Hand-to-hand, light support troops such as the psiloi were often armed with ranged weapons. Popular ranged weapons were the bow toxajavelin akontia and sling sfendonai. While the bow was a relatively uncommon weapon the wooden stave bow used had a limited rangesome troops treated their arrows by thrusting them into rotting corpses, thus creating a crude form of biological weapon. The javelins used were light spears around 1. Linothorax armor made out of linen fabric was the most common form of infantry torso armor, being cheap and relatively light. Bronze breastplate armor was also used, in forms such as a bell cuirass. Little other armor was worn, and fatal blows to unprotected areas such as the bladder or neck are recorded in ancient art and poetry. The most vital part of the panoply was the Aspisa large, round shield commonly made from a layer of bronze, wood, and leather. The hoplon was around a meter in diameter, and weighed around 7.

Ancient greek army

Greek army weapons
The heavy equipment and weaponry of the Hellenic Army is of mostly foreign manufacture, from AmericanBritishFrenchGerman and other suppliers. Exception are the Kentaurus and the Leonidas armored fighting vehicles which are built in Greece by the Hellenic Vehicle Industry. Equipment runs the gamut from state-of-the-art to obsolescent Cold War inventories; the latter are gradually being retired as no funds are available for upgrade. Russian made equipment was received or purchased after the collapse of the Warsaw Pact and second hand US and German equipment was transferred or purchased. Recent defense spending cuts have had a big impact in operating costs maintenance, technical support, operational training, transport and supplies. This may lead to closing down some of the military bases scattered across the country and reducing the size of the Army, transforming the Hellenic Army into a smaller but largely professional force. Under the Force Structure plan large-scale changes in the Army will be implemented. Only two categories of units will exist: active and mobilized reserve. No main weapon systems will be allocated to mobilized units. Made under license by EAS. A replacement programme for the G3 is under development with the first competing rifles to be unveiled in June All G3s will be upgraded and gradually go in reserve. But lost to the G3. Several variants active. Most of them in reserve. Replaced by the FN Minimi. Carl Gustaf M2 Recoilless Rifle. Delivered between and There is a CFE treaty limit of 2, [6]. Together with the CH47s they will eventually partially replace older helicopters like the Bell and AB From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikimedia list article. Main article: List of historical equipment of the Hellenic Army. Jane's Information Group. Retrieved Archived from the original on Retrieved 6 July Jane's Retrieved 11 January Formations of the Hellenic Army. Hellenic Army General Staff. Hellenic Armed Forces. Supreme Joint War College. Military equipment of armies of Europe. Hidden categories: All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from October CS1 maint: archived copy as title Articles with short description Short description matches Wikidata. Namespaces Article Talk.

Greek air force equipment

Turkish victory [4] [5] [6]. Turkish National Movement. Of those about officers and 13, soldiers arrived in Greece during the prisoner exchange in The rest presumably died in captivity and are listed among the "missing". Of those were officers and 6, soldiers. During the prisoner exchange inofficers, 6, soldiers and 9, civilian prisoners arrived in Turkey. The remaining 6, mostly civilian prisoners, presumably died in Greek captivity. The armed conflict started when the Greek forces landed in Smyrna now İzmiron 15 May Their advance was checked by Turkish forces at the Battle of Sakarya in The Greek front collapsed with the Turkish counter-attack in Augustand the war effectively ended with the recapture of Smyrna by Turkish forces and the great fire of Smyrna. As a result, the Greek government accepted the demands of the Turkish National Movement and returned to its pre-war borders, thus leaving East Thrace and Western Anatolia to Turkey. The Greek and Turkish governments agreed to engage in a population exchange. The geopolitical context of this conflict is linked to the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire which was a direct consequence of World War I and involvement of the Ottomans in the Middle Eastern theatre. The Greeks received an order to land in Smyrna by the Triple Entente as part of the partition. There were a number of secret agreements regarding the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I. The Triple Entente had made contradictory promises about post-war arrangements concerning Greek hopes in Asia Minor. Before the occupation the Italian delegation to the Paris Peace Conference,angry about the possibility of the Greek occupation of Western Anatolia, left the conference and did not return to Paris until May 5. The absence of the Italian delegation from the Conference ended up facilitating Lloyd George's efforts to persuade France and the United States to support Greece and prevent Italian operations in Western Anatolia. According to some historians, it was the Greek occupation of Smyrna that created the Turkish National movement. Arnold J. Toynbee argues: "The war between Turkey and Greece which burst out at this time was a defensive war for safeguarding of the Turkish homelands in Anatolia. It was a result of the Allied policy of imperialism operating in a foreign state, the military resources and powers of which were seriously under-estimated; it was provoked by the unwarranted invasion of a Greek army of occupation.

Greek army mandatory service

The term Hellenicis the endogenous synonym for Greek. The Hellenic Army is also the main contributor to, and "lead nation" of, the Balkan Battle Groupa combined-arms rapid-response force under the EU Battlegroup structure. The main missions of the Hellenic Army are the defence of the state's independence and integrity, the safeguarding of national territory, and the decisive contribution to the achievement of the country's policy objectives. Painting by Peter von Hess. Demetrios Ypsilantis was commander of the tactical Greek forces during the Battle of Petrafinal battle of the War of Independence. Theodoros Kolokotronisthe most important commander of the Greek irregular forces during the Revolution. Panagiotis Rodiosas Army's colonel, one of the early supporters for the creation of regular army during the Revolution. The Hellenic Army traces its origin to the regular units established by the Greek provisional government during the Greek War of Independence — The first of these, an infantry regiment and a small artillery batterywere established in Apriland were commanded by European Philhellenes such as Joseph Balestra and others. Lack of funds however forced its disbandment soon after, and it was not until July that regular units were reformed, under the Greek Colonel Panagiotis Rodios. In Maythe first law on conscription was passed, and the command of the entire regular forces entrusted to the French Colonel Charles Fabvier. Under Fabvier, the regular corps expanded, and for the first time came to include cavalry, military music detachments, and, with Lord Byron 's aid, military hospitals. The governorship of Ioannis Kapodistrias — saw a drastic reorganization of the national military: a Secretariat on Army and Naval Affairs and the Hellenic Army Academy were created, the Army engineering corps was founded 28 Julyand a concerted effort was made to reform the various irregular forces into regular light infantry battalions. Throughout these early years, French influence pervaded the Greek regular army, in tactics as well as appearance, as most of the instructors were French—at first Philhellenes, and later serving officers of General Maison's Expeditionary Corps. After Kapodistrias' assassination in and in the subsequent internal turmoil over the next two years, however, the regular army all but ceased to exist. The first king of the newly independent Greek kingdom, the Bavarian prince Ottoinitially relied on a 4,strong German contingent. The royal government re-established the regular army and dissolved the irregular forces that had largely fought the War of Independence. The Greek royal army in was approximatelymen. The first major reforms were undertaken inin response to the Balkan Crisis that eventually led to the Russo-Turkish War of — Among other measures, for the first time the Hellenic Army was briefly subdivided into divisions and brigades. Universal conscription was introduced inand under the premiership of Charilaos Trikoupisin — major steps were undertaken to improve the training and education of the officer corps: a French military mission was called to Greece, new schools were founded and Greek officers were sent abroad for studies, and efforts were made to make officers on active service refrain from participating in politics and focus on their professional duties. The Army also underwent its first mobilizationsin July — April due to the Greek annexation of Thessalyand again in September — Maywhen Bulgaria annexed Eastern Rumelia. The great financial burden of these long periods of mobilization, however, exhausted the public treasury, and stalled the reform process. As a result, the numerically superior, better organized, equipped and led Ottoman forces pushed the Greek forces south out of Thessaly.

Greek army uniform

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