- Medical terms glossary pdf
- Medical terminology
- Laboratory terminology pdf
- Medical terminology list
- Advanced medical terminology
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Medical terms glossary pdfThis hormone can cause the prostate gland to grow abnormally. Also known as a tummy tuck. Often occurs on the surface of the skin. ACE: Abbreviation for angiotensin-converting enzyme, an enzyme that converts the inactive form of the protein angiotensin angiotensin I to its active form—angiotensin II. ACE inhibitor: Abbreviation of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, a drug used to treat high blood pressure and congestive heart failure. The ball-shaped portion at the top of the thighbone fits into this space to form the hip joint. Achilles' tendon: A band of connective tissue that connects the calf muscle to the heel bone. This can affect digestion, cause stomach pain, and keep the body from absorbing vitamins and nutrients. This is the most advanced stage of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus HIVwhich can severely weaken the immune system. People with AIDS get many infections, often from diseases that don't affect people with healthy immune systems. Actinic keratosis may be a precursor to skin cancer. Thin needles are inserted into the skin at specific points on the body. This therapy is used to treat pain and various health problems and to reduce stress. Causes include an enlarged prostate gland in men or bladder muscle problems. This tissue lines organs and structures in the body, protecting or enclosing them. Usually abbreviated as ATP. The Adequate Intake is used when there isn't enough information to set a recommended dietary allowance RDA. For example, using chemotherapy after surgery or radiation treatment for cancer. Changes include faster heartbeat, more rapid breathing, greater energy, and higher blood pressure. Also called epinephrine. Often used to describe a form of exercise, aerobic exercise. Examples include brisk walking, running, or cycling. Often due to a brain or neurological condition. AIDS: abbreviation for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, the most advanced stage of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus HIV. Abnormal levels of this substance may indicate liver or kidney disease. Sometimes referred to as ADH. Also known as alcoholism. Different alleles produce variations in inherited characteristics, such as eye color. The most common type of allergy, it is caused by an IgE-mediated immune response to inhaled airborne allergens. Also used to treat some prostate gland problems. Alpha blockers are also known as alpha-adrenergic antagonists, alpha-adrenergic blocking agents, and alpha-adrenergic blockers. They are where oxygen enters and carbon dioxide leaves the bloodstream. Alzheimer's disease: A progressive brain disease that causes memory loss, impaired thinking, and personality changes. AMD: Abbreviation for age-related macular degeneration, a potentially blinding condition that destroys sharp central vision. Amsler grid: A tool used to check for vision problems, particularly macular degeneration. The grid looks like graph paper with a dot in the center. Often refers to a form of short, high intensity exercise, known as anaerobic exercise. Examples include sprinting and weight lifting.
Amyloid deposits are composed of straight, non-branching fibrils with a diameter of 7. Each fibril is composed of identical polypeptide chains arranged in stacked antiparallel beta-pleated sheets this is what impar ts the characteristic birefringence under polarized light. There are several precursor proteins which are then deposited in the tissue as amyloid; e. The associated disease states may be inflammatory, hereditary or neoplastic and the deposition may be local or generalized or systemic. Synthesized by B lymphocytes that have been activated by the binding of a antigen to a cell surface receptor. A chemical very important in energy metabolism in the cell. It may affect the tube uniformly or occur in irregular pockets. BUN - blood urea nitrogen : the urea concentration of serum or plasma, specified in terms of nitrogen content; an important indicator of renal function. Proteins with a beta-pleated sheet structure will display red-green birefringence under polarized light. Energy source for muscle contraction. It occurs as three isozymes specific to brain, cardiac and skeletal muscle, respectively. Differential determination of isozymes is used in clinical diagnosis. Cells can be obtained by aspiration, washing, smear or scraping. May cause bleeding or obstruction or may burst. Electrolytes play an essential role in the workings of cells maintaining fluid balance and acid-base balance. It is a conjugated protein containing four heme groups and globin. A molecule of hemoglobin contains 4 globin polypeptide chains - designated alpha, beta, gamma and delta. In the adult, Hemoglobin A predominates alpha2, beta2. Various criteria for its threshold have been suggested, ranging from mm Hg systolic and 90 mm Hg diastolic to as high as mm Hg systolic and mm Hg diastolic. Caused by a bacteria carried by certain kinds of ticks most commonly found in areas of northeastern U. A growth of pathogenic microorganisms or of abnormal cells distant from the site primarily involved by the morbid process. Used sublingually under the tongue. A vasodilator. This coloured non-polar substance dissolves in lipids and renders them visible under the microscope. Fresh smears or cryostat sections of tissue are necessa ry because fixatives containing alcohols, or routine tissue processing with clearing, will remove lipids. Contrast with true hermaphroditism where both types of internal sexual organs are present. TMN staging - staging of tumours according to three basic components: primary tumour Tregional nodes Nand metastasis M - from 0 undetectable to 4. Also see diastolic. Thrombi that form within the rapidly moving arterial circulation are composed largely of fibrin and platelets with only a few trapped red and white cells.
Laboratory terminology pdfThe complexity of women's bodies brings on questions about gynecology and pregnancy for many people, especially those seeking obstetric or gynecological care. It's important that patients are able to take control of their health and that begins with gaining knowledge about their bodies and the healthcare field. Here is a list of definitions that includes important abbreviations and commonly used words about women's health. Amenorrhea — This term references a lack of or end to menstrual periods. Anovulation — Medical professionals use this word when a woman's ovaries stop producing or releasing eggs that are mature. Atrophy, vaginal — This is when the vaginal tissues shrink or thin due to a lack of estrogen following menopause, a condition that results in painful intercourse. Bartholin's cyst — This is a buildup of mucus or an infection in one of the major mucus producing glands close to the opening of the vagina. The condition causes swelling or pain and is usually treated with surgical draining. Benign — This term refers to cell growth that medical specialists deem non-cancerous. Benign cell growth does not make its way into nearby tissue nor will it spread to other body parts. Biopsy — When medical professionals do a biopsy, they remove a small tissue sample using a scalpel or hollow needle. Cerclage — A cerclage is a round row of stitches set inside the cervix to stop dilation and ejection of a preterm fetus. Cancer — This is an abnormal, unconstrained growth of cells capable of making its way into nearby tissue and distant sites. Cure — Medical specialists consider a cancer or other illness cured if, following treatment, it can no longer be detected and remains undetected for a long time. In many cases, this means that the cancer has not come back in five years or more. Dysplasia — When dysplasia occurs, abnormal cells have been detected on the cervix or another area of the genitals. Dysplasia can progress into a cancer, one that's caused by the human papillomavirus. Dyspareunia — This condition is pain in the pelvis or vagina following intercourse. Ectopic pregnancy — An ectopic pregnancy is one that is developing outside of the uterus. In most cases, this type of pregnancy occurs in a fallopian tube. Endometriosis — This is a condition involving tissue that resembles endometrium. It develops outside of the uterus. The tissue grows on or close to the fallopian tubes, ovaries or other parts of the pelvic region. Estrogen — A set of hormones emitted by the ovaries. These hormones affect a women's menstrual cycle and sexual development. This type of tumor is formed from uterine muscle tissue. Fibroids can be painful, and they may cause heavy bleeding. Genital herpes — This is a sexually transmitted disease involving bumps and sores. It is caused by the human papillomavirus. Human papillomaviruses — A set of viruses that cause warts. Some of these kinds of viruses are transmitted sexually. The virus is associated with some cancers. Hysterectomy — A hysterectomy is a surgery that doctors perform to remove the uterus. Labia — The labia is the skin fold located at the vaginal opening. Lymph nodes — These are small organs that store bacteria trapping cells. Lymph node clusters are located in the groin, underarms, neck, abdomen and chest.
Medical terminology listRadInfo 4 Kids: My chest x-ray exam. A ballooning out of a segment of artery caused by disease or weakness in the vessel wall called an aneurysm that occurs in the portion of the aorta that runs through the abdomen. For more information, see the Abdominal aortic aneurysm page. In radiation or medical physics, the number of disintegrations per second of a radionuclide. See also definitive treatment. Allopurinol A drug that lowers an elevated level of uric acid in the blood caused by some cancer treatments. Alpha-1 antitrypsin A1AT A protein that protects the lung. Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency A1AD A genetic disorder caused by low levels of alpha-1 antitrypsin, a protein that protects the lungs. See the COPD page for additional information. They are present in much higher levels in men and govern the growth and development of the male reproductive system. In women, they are converted to hormones called estrogens. For additional information see the Anemia page. It may lead to rupture and serious or fatal bleeding. It is a sign that the tissue or organ supplied by a narrowed artery is not getting enough blood or oxygen. For more information see the Angina Pectoris page. Also called angiostatic therapy. For details see the Angioplasty and Vascular Stenting page. See the appendicitis page for additional information. At this time, the role the appendix plays in the human body is not known. This can be surgically created for hemodialysis see dialysis arteriovenous fistula but can also be caused by trauma. These fistulas can commonly be treated by interventional radiologists. These unusual malformations may be present at birth or may result from injury or infection. They are often found in the brain and spinal cord, but may occur anywhere in the body. A tangle of dilated blood vessels that disrupts normal blood flow in the brain. See the Arthritis page for additional information. The image distortion could be due to an obstruction, such as a surgical metal clip, or to a problem with the imaging equipment. Asbestos inhalation can cause a variety of health problems e.
Advanced medical terminology
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